The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international agreement established by the United Nations. Its aim is to preserve biological diversity around the world. The CBD has three main objectives: to conserve biodiversity, to enhance its sustainable use and to ensure an equitable sharing of benefits linked to the exploitation of genetic resources.
Article 8(j) of the CBD recognizes the role of indigenous peoples in the conservation and management of biodiversity through the application of indigenous knowledge. The debate on indigenous knowledge and biodiversity is crucial, as the CBD has commenced discussions on a proposed International Regime on Access and Benefit-Sharing (IR). Issues on biological/genetic resources and associated indigenous/traditional knowledge have expanded from the deliberations of the Working Group on Article 8(j) and related provisions to discussions within the Working Group on Access and Benefit-Sharing, the Working Group on Protected Areas and within various other thematic and cross-cutting issues.
The International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity (IIFB) was established in 1996, during the third Conference of Parties to the Convention (COP3), as the indigenous caucus in the CBD negotiations. Since then it has worked as a coordinating mechanism to facilitate indigenous participation and incidence in the work of the Convention through preparatory meetings, capacity building activities and other initiatives.
Read more about the CDB at its official website