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Gayatri Raghunandan
The concept of Free, Prior and Informed Consent stems from the collective rights of self-determination of indigenous peoples and is largely being seen as a part of customary international la...

2017 July 27

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Gayatri Raghunandan
India: Growing Trends of Rejection of Tribal Claims on Forest Lands - A Critique of Geo Informatics System Mapping

2017 June 30

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With detailed field studies from Kenya, Cameroon, Uganda and Namibia, this report sheds light on the consequences of extractive industries on land rights and indigenous peoples in Africa.

African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) and IWGIA - 2017 May 29

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Recommendations for the negotiations of the Paris Rule Book

Contributions by: Sébastien Duyck & Erika Lennon, Lapka Nuri Sherpa, Tonya Rawe, Anabella Rosemberg, Juliana Vélez Uribe, Monica Camacho, Kathrin Wessendorf & Lærke Marie Lund Petersen

2017 May 11

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With its 59 country specific reports and 12 articles on international processes, this special edition of the Indigenous World marks the 10 years anniversary of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. The Indigenous World 2017 offers a comprehensive overview of the main global trends and developments affecting indigenous peoples during 2016.

IWGIA - 2017 April 25

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Forced evictions and confiscations of cattle threaten the survival of pastoralists in the Morogoro Region in the eastern part of Tanzania.

IWGIA - 2017 February 27

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Indigenous women and girls are the most vulnerable group in Bangladesh. They face multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination due to their gender, ethnicity, language, religion, class and geographic location. According to Kapaeeng Foundation’s statistics, from January 2007 to September 2016, there have been at least 466 reported incidents of violence against indigenous women and girls in Bangladesh.

Kapaeeng Foundation, BIWN & IWGIA - 2016 October

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This briefing note call attention to the ongoing situation of harassments and arbitrary arrests of human rights defenders in Loliondo in northern Tanzania.It offers an account of the recent events taking place in the area and background information.

IWGIA - 2016 August 25

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The Samburu are a Nilotic community who reside in Northern Kenya. One cultural practice among the Samburu community is Girl-Child Beading. This practice sanctions a non-marital sexual relationship between Samburu men in the ‘warrior’ age group and young Samburu girls (usually between the ages of 9-15 years) who are not yet eligible for marriage. The practice has been in the community for centuries and is associated with a number of human rights violations.

This Research Report offers an account of the positive and negative impacts this practice has on indigenous Samburu girls in different communities and a detailed analysis of the legal framework in Kenya for addressing Harmful Cultural Practices. The Report also includes suggested strategies and recommendations to tackle the negative effects Girl-Child Beading have on Samburu girls’ lives.

Samburu Women Trust (SWT), KIOS Foundation & IWGIA - 2016 April

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With its 54 country specific reports and 12 articles on international processes, this new edition of THE INDIGENOUS WORLD gives a comprehensive overview of the main developments that have affected indigenous women and men in the course of 2015

IWGIA - 2016 April

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Ana Cecilia Betancur and William Villa
This desk study documents the adverse impacts on indigenous communities from coal mining in the regions of la Guajira and Cesar, home to 90 percent of Colombia's coal production as well as several indigenous peoples such as the Wayuu, Yukpa and Kogui

IWGIA - 2016 February

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This report looks at the situation of the Tshwa San living in western Zimbabwe. Information on this small indigenous minority group has so far been limited. Due to unique social and cultural barriers, the Tshwa face a number of constraints and challenges that need to be dealt with.

IWGIA and OSISA - 2016 January

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The report explores the evictions of pastoralists and other conflicts over pastoralists’ land in Tanzania, with focus on the past decade. Although most of these evictions and land base...

IWGIA, PINGO's Forum, PAICODEO & UCRT - 2016 January

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Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) addresses in this report State obligations with regard to extraction, exploitation, and development activities concerning natural resources.

OAS with the financial support by IWGIA - 2015 December 31

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Alma Grace Barla
This book tells the life stories of a number of extraordinary tribal women, who has contributed to modern Indian nation building, fought for independence, lead contemporary social movements or achieved outstanding results within sports.

IWGIA - 2015 December

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The advent of climate change in Tanzania has seen increased rates of eviction of indigenous peoples from their ancestral lands for reasons ranging from land based investments to enlargement of protected areas. This policy brief examines the problem and offers some recommendations.

PINGOs Forum, IWGIA and TIPTCC - 2015 December

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Kanyinke Sena
The fact that energy projects are green does not necessarily mean they accept and protect internationally-recognised human rights norms, such as the rights of indigenous peoples.

IWGIA and Indigenous Peoples National Steering Committee on Climate Change (IPNSCCC) - 2015 November 20

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Elaborated by AIPP, CADPI, IITC &Tebtebba
The global goals and targets for sustainable development have been adopted but indicators are still being formulated. Indicators define what will be measured, and thus how the goals and targets will be implemented. In this position paper Indigenous peoples point at some of their most central concerns on indicators, implementation and monitoring of the 2013 development agenda.

2015 October 21

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Gladson Dungdung
This book addresses the contemporary issues of mining and communities in Eastern India. It documents the struggles and the human rights violations in Saranda Forest which is one of the most extensive surviving Sal forests in Asia, a centre of bio-diversity and a repository of India's rich Adivasi cultural heritage. Its destruction by mining companies aided by the government is testimony to the short term thinking of a modernising state blinded by its rhetoric of development.

Bir Buru Omapay Media & Entertainment LLP - 2015 August

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This publication sums up the experiences and lessons learnt from strengthening the capacity of indigenous peoples in using the human rights based framework in asserting the right to development as it has been implemented in ten indigenous communities in the Philippines.

Cordillera Indigenous Peoples Legal Center - DINTEG - 2015 August

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Report on the struggle against the Xstrata-SMI mining venture in the Blaan ancestral territory on Mindanao, the Philippines.


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It documents seven case studies which were conducted in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Nepal and Thailand to take stock of the changes in livelihood and food security among indigenous shifting cultivation communities in South and Southeast Asia against the backdrop of the rapid socio-economic transformations currently engulfing the region.

FAO, IWGIA & AIPP - 2015 May

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It analyses current challenges related to land rights, political participation, education, gender equality etc. It also looks into specific cases of human rights violations as well as positive government initiatives that could be further developed, and makes recommendations to the Republic of Tanzania, the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, Development partners and to civil society organizations.

African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights & IWGIA - 2015 May

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With 69 articles and country reports, this edition of The Indigenous World gives a comprehensive update on the current situation of indigenous peoples and their human rights, and reports on notable developments in international processes relevant to indigenous peoples in 2014. It is an indispensable tool for those who need to be informed about the most recent issues and developments that impact indigenous peoples worldwide.

IWGIA - 2015 April 21

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The success of the Post-2015 sustainable development goals (SDGs) will depend on the adoption of indicators that
allow measuring progress towards targets and provide helpful information to policymakers. As member states move towards the next inter-governmental negotiations, we propose two indicators that we believe are fundamental to achieving ‘the future we want’. We confirm that these indicators are meaningful, universal, and feasible, and that they capture fundamental realities affecting key stakeholders at the heart of the SDGs.

2015 March

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In early 2015, Maasai and Datoga citizens living in the Morogoro region of Tanzania were victims of deadly, ethnic violence. According to reports from local media, the assaults were instigated by public figures interested in acquiring land, and state authorities have not intervened to protect Maasai citizens. Police protection has instead been given to others who are illegally cultivating officially registered Maasai land.

The brief calls for urgent action to halt the violence in the Morogoro Region and to put a stop to the current culture of impunity. It states that without strong and public action from the highest levels, Maasai and Datoga citizens will continue to be stigmatized and the prospective of nation-wide violence will remain a threat to stability, development, and peace in Tanzania.

IWGIA - 2015 March

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The book addresses cases from each of these continents, examining the experiences of indigenous peoples with access to remedy when their human rights are affected by corporate activities. By drawing from these experiences it seeks to inform the actions of corporate and State actors in relation their business and human rights obligation to ensure that indigenous peoples have access to effective remedy.

IWGIA, Almaciga & AIPP - 2015 March

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This diverse collection of essays and articles emerged from a workshop held in Oslo in March 2012, hosted by the Norwegian Center for Human Rights and the University of Oslo. The purpose of the workshop was to gather memories of how the international community had decided to examine the situation of Indigenous peoples, to explore, explain and celebrate their pioneering work within the United Nations and the International Labour Organization. The participants also examined the impact of that work and were further asked to identify desirable future developments.

Gáldu & IWGIA - 2015 January

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This technical briefing authored by a number of international organizations working on food security, natural resources management and poverty eradication and endorsed by many local civil society organisations around the world strongly encourage governments to keep the profile of land and natural resources high in the document on sustainable development goals to be endorsed in September 2015.

Forest Peoples Programme, International Land Coalition, Rights & Resources, Global Witness, Landesa, Huairou Commision, Action Aid, Habitat for Humanity, GLTN, Millenium, Biovision, IASS Potsdam, Namati, iied, Oxfam and IWGIA - 2015 January

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This handbook provides comprehensive step-by-step instructions on how to document human rights violations, particularly indigenous peoples’ collective rights, and use the data gathered for advocacy.

Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) - 2015

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This book includes 20 case studies of World Heritage sites from around the world that explore, from a human rights perspective, indigenous peoples’ experiences with World Heritage sites and with the processes of the World Heritage Convention. The book will serve as a resource for indigenous peoples, World Heritage site managers and UNESCO, as well as academics, and will contribute to discussions about what changes or actions are needed to ensure that World Heritage sites can play a consistently positive role for indigenous peoples, in line with the spirit of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

IWGIA, Forrest Peoples Programme and Gundjeihmi Aboriginal Corporation - 2014 November 14

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Indigenous peoples' perspectives and recommendations to the subsidiary body for scientific and technological advice (SBSTA).

AIPP Submission on Methodological Issues Related to Non-Carbon Benefits Resulting from the Implementation of REDD+ Activities. March 26, 2014

2014 November

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AIPP Submission to the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) on Safeguards Information System.

AIPP and IWGIA - 2014 November

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Women – both indigenous and non-indigenous – have actively engaged in international and national REDD+ processes to raise their concerns regarding the potential negative impact of REDD+ on women, and to assert their right to equally participate in negotiations, planning and implementation of REDD+.

Indigenous women share many of the basic concerns and needs with their non-indigenous sisters but their situation as women in indigenous societies sets them apart from those who are part of the mainstream society, and their needs and concerns are often different.

Indigenous women’s concerns may thus not be fully addressed, either by indigenous rights advocacy or by women’s rights and gender advocacy. In advocating for the rights of indigenous peoples and for the rights of women, the specific situation and needs of indigenous women therefore need to be taken into account.

AIPP and IWGIA - 2014 November

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Steeve Daviau
In this research report anthropologist Steeve Daviau examines how well the international aid community in Lao has done in ensuring that their workplaces are diverse and representative of the many ethnic groups in the country.

The overall goal of the research is to assist aid organizations in Laos to critically assess and improve their stated values, attitudes and actual progress in becoming inclusive and diverse workplaces, to better serve and represent the interests of indigenous people and communities.

The Japanese International Volunteer Center, Oxfam Novib, The McKnight Foundation and IWGIA. - 2014 October 20

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This briefing note presents the findings of seven case studies conducted from May to June 2014. The studies were conducted in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Nepal and Thailand and looked into the livelihood and food security among indigenous shifting cultivation communities in South and Southeast Asia.

The briefing note provides a summary of the main findings of the case studies and the common recommendations from a multi-stakeholders consultation held August 28-29 in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Participants at the multi-stakeholder consultation included government agencies, UN agencies, regional NGOs, Indigenous Peoples’ organisations, community leaders, and local governments.

AIPP & IWGIA - 2014 September 29

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Land grabbing is the large-scale acquisition of land for commercial or industrial purposes, such as agricultural and biofuel production, mining and logging concessions or tourism. It involves land being purchased by investors rather than producers, often foreign investors. This is done with limited (if any) consultation of the local communities, limited (if any) compensation, and a lack of regard for environmental sustainability and equitable access to, or control over, natural resources.

IWGIA - 2014 September 18

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Indigenous peoples constitute 5 % of the world’s population but 15 % of the world’s poor. They make up around 1/3 of the world’s extremely poor rural population. Many lack access to, control over and suffer pollution of their water resources, severely damaging their health, livelihood and cultural survival.

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) offer a unique opportunity to address these concerns and to take indigenous peoples’ right to water into consideration.

This note, produced by the International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) in collaboration with Tebtebba and with contributions and advice from indigenous peoples’ experts,1 aims to inform stakeholders about the issue of water from an indigenous perspective in the post 2015-development discussion.

IWGIA & Tebtebba - 2014 September 18

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The universal Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the post-2015 development agenda are crucial for indigenous peoples as they will determine the direction of global sustainability and development efforts over the coming decade.

Indigenous peoples make up more than 370 million people worldwide and 15% of the world’s poorest individuals. They represent more than 5,000 distinct ethnic groups and are the guardians of most of the world’s biological and cultural diversity. If the international community is truly committed to a more sustainable future for all, then indigenous peoples must not be ignored the way they were in the Millennium Development Goals.

IWGIA, Tebtebba and International Indian Treaty Council - 2014 September 18

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Many of the areas of highest biological diversity on the planet are inhabited by indigenous peo¬ples. The current and accelerating climatic and environmental changes threaten indigenous peo¬ples’ basis for existence around the world.

The post-2015 development agenda offers a unique opportunity to address indigenous peoples’ key concerns and possible solutions for environmental sustainability beyond 2015.

This briefing note has been prepared by the International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA), in collaboration with Tebtebba, and is intended as an informative note for stakeholders in the post-2015 development process.

IWGIA and Tebtebba - 2014 September 18

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IWGIA's Annual Report presents the results of IWGIA's activities in 2013 and highlights examples of projects and processes implemented or supported by IWGIA throughout the year

IWGIA - 2014 July 1

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: Recommendations for the Full Respect of their Human Rights

Prepared by the Rapporteurship on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples of the Inter-America Commission on Human Rights

This Report presents a general introduction to the human rights situation of indigenous peoples in voluntary isolation and initial contact in the Americas. It also compiles the main sources of law from the inter-American and universal human rights systems for their protection, identifies the threats to the full enjoyment of their human rights, and makes a series of recommendations to the member States of the Organization of American States.

This report was prepared with input obtained from various sources, including States, indigenous and civil society organizations, and experts and approved by the Inter-American Cpmmission on Human Rights on December 30, 2013.

OAS Official Document. Elaborated with the financial support of IWGIA - 2014 July

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This case study focuses on the capacity of local communities to monitor biodiversity and resources in Madagascar, Nicaragua, Philippines and Tanzania. It makes a controlled comparison between local community monitoring and trained scientists’ monitoring and conclude that local and indigenous communities generate similar and equally good outputs as the trained scientists, and are much more cost efficient. The cases suggest that it is fully possible to build a cheap and effective MRV system based on community monitoring of Non-Carbon Benefits.

IWGIA, AIPP, IBIS, AMAN, Forest of the World, CARE & NEFIN - 2014 June 4

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This case study from Peru illustrates the importance of Non-Carbon Benefits (NCBs) to REDD+, and particularly the effects of land demarcation and titling of indigenous communities, its impact on governance and democracy, on social structures and livelihoods, and on environment and forest cover. The case shows that NCBs are both land tenure rights as well as subsistence and coffee production, illustrating the synergy between rights, carbon and economic benefits for the indigenous population.

IWGIA, AIPP, IBIS, AMAN, Forest of the World, CARE & NEFIN - 2014 June 4

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Recognition of rights to land, territories and natural resources are crucial preconditions for achieving a number of Non-Carbon Benefits for indigenous peoples and local communities and an important incentive for their active participation in REDD+, in all decision-making processes and implementation.

This briefing note provides input to the methodological discussion on Non-Carbon Benefits, as referred to in decisions and discussions under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.

IWGIA, AIPP, IBIS, AMAN, Forest of the World, CARE & NEFIN - 2014 June 4

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This report is the result of a monitoring visit to assess IWGIA’s support to promoting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights in the new constitution and beyond.

Indigenous peoples in Nepal, known as adivasi janajati, have for centuries experienced systematic discrimination and marginalisation both socially, culturally, politically and economically. The chance to right the historical wrongs came when Nepal embarked upon a constitution drafting and state restructuring process in 2008.

IWGIA - 2014 June

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By: Johannes Rohr & José Aylwin
This report explores the potential of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGP) to ensure that the rights of business-affected indigenous peoples are respected, protected and fulfilled. It examines the relationship between the UNGP and indigenous peoples’ substantive rights, in particular the rights to self-determination, land and resources, from which inter alia ensues the right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent. It looks at existing remedy mechanisms at all levels and examines their effectiveness for indigenous peoples, and makes specific recommendations to states, business enterprises, international institutions and indigenous peoples to ensure that the UNGP can become an effective tool for preventing and mitigating the human rights violations suffered by indigenous peoples.

IWGIA & ENIP - 2014 June

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The 2014 edition contains a comprehensive update on the current situation of indigenous peoples in 73 articles written by indigenous and non-indigenous scholars and activists.

This year the book provides 58 country reports and 15 articles on international processes.

IWGIA - 2014 May 21

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The post-2015 development framework poses a unique opportunity to address the critical governance issues that are affecting indigenous peoples. This note is intended as a discussion paper for stakeholders in the post-2015 development process and focuses on indigenous peoples’ distinct status and human rights and how these must be taken into consideration in the post-2015 development agenda.

The note has been prepared by the International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) in collaboration with Tebtebba.

IWGIA and Tebtebba - 2014 May 20

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