Indigenous peoples in the Central African Republic
There are two groups of indigenous peoples in the Central African Republic namely the Mbororo and the Aka.
The Mbororo are essentially nomadic pastoralists in constant search of pastureland. They can be found in the prefectures of:
- Ouaka- in the centre-west region
- M’bomou- in the south
- Nana-Mambéré- in the north-west
- Ombella-Mpoko and Lobaye- in the south-west
The 2003 census gave an Mbororo population of 39,299, or 1% of the population. There is a higher proportion of Mbororo in rural areas, where they account for 1.4% of the population, than in urban areas where they represent only 0.2%.
The Aka population is pejoratively known as Pygmies. The exact size of the Aka population is not known but they are estimated to number several tens of thousands.
These indigenous people live primarily (90%) in the forests, which they consider their home and where they are able to carry out their traditional activities of hunting, gathering and fishing.
The Aka live in the following prefectures:
- Lobaye- in the south-west
- Ombella M’poko- in the south-west
- Sangha Mbaéré- in the south-west
- Mambéré Kadîe- in the west
Legislation concerning indigenous peoples
The Central African Republic voted in favour of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) in September 2007 and in August 2010, it became the first African State to ratify ILO Convention 169, which, under the terms of the ILO Constitution, entered into force on 11 August 2011.
Since then, the country has been in the process of implementing it although this has been very challenging given the war situation and political instability the country has suffered since 2012.