Indigenous peoples in Chad

The Mbororo Peul are indigenous to Chad and live essentially from pastoralism and subsistence agriculture. According to the 1993 census, they number around 250,000 individuals, living primarily in the dry centre and tropical south of Chad, where pastures can be found.

They are a poor population, 99% of them are illiterate, and they have no national political representation.

It is difficult to estimate the exact number of Mbororo Peul but they represent approximately 10% of the Chadian population. In fact, many of them have now departed for neighbouring countries (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Niger). They can be identified by their way of life, their culture, their language and by the discrimination they suffer.

Yearly update

Download the 2009 yearbook article on indigenous peoples in Chad to read more about major developments and events during 2008