Inuit Regions of Canada
In Canada, the Inuit number 55,000 people, or 4.3% of the Aboriginal population. They live in 53 Arctic communities in four Land Claims regions: Nunatsiavut (Labrador); Nunavik (Quebec); Nunavut; and the Inuvialuit Settlement Region of the Northwest Territories.
The Nunatsiavut government, created in 2006, is the only ethnic-style government to be formed among the four Inuit regions to date.
The Nunavut Land Claims Agreement, which covers two million square kilometres, was settled in 1993. The Nunavut government was created by the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement (NLCA) in April 1999. It represents all Nunavut citizens. Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated (NTI) represents Inuit who are beneficiaries of the NLCA.
The Nunavik land claim (James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement) was settled in 1975. The Nunavik area covers 550,000 square kilometres, which is one-third of the province of Quebec. Makivik Corporation was created to administer the James Bay Agreement and represent Inuit beneficiaries. Nunavik is working to develop a regional government for the region.
The Inuvialuit land claim will celebrate its 30th anniversary on 5 June 2014. The Inuvialuit Final Agreement (IFA) is a Constitutionally-protected Agreement covering 91,000 square kilometres in the Northwest Territories, including 13,000 square kilometres with subsurface rights to oil, gas and minerals. The Inuvialuit Regional Corporation (IRC) represents collective Inuvialuit interests in dealings with governments and industry, with the goal of improving the economic, social, and cultural well-being of its beneficiaries, and protect and preserve the Arctic wildlife, environment and biological productivity. The Inuvialuit are also negotiating for self-government.