There are 260 million indigenous peoples in Asia, making it the most culturally diverse region in the world. Asian indigenous peoples face problems such as denial of self-determination, the loss of control over their land and natural resources, discrimination and marginalization, heavy assimilation pressure and violent repression by state security forces. Several countries have legislations that to some extent protect the rights of indigenous peoples. These rights are, however, systematically watered down, often simply ignored or overruled.

Read more about the particular situation of indigenous peoples in the following Asian countries: