Indigenous peoples in Bangladesh

The majority of Bangladesh’s 143.3 million people are Bengalis, and approximately 2.5 million are indigenous peoples belonging to 45 different ethnic groups. These peoples are concentrated in the north, and in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) in the south-east of the country.

Severe persecution of indigenous peoples

The indigenous peoples of Bangladesh remain among the most persecuted of all minorities, facing discrimination not only on the basis of their religion and ethnicity but also because of their indigenous identity and their socio-economic status.

No constitutional recognition of indigenous peoples

There is no constitutional recognition of the indigenous peoples of Bangladesh. They are only referred to as “backward segments of the population”.

Yearly update

Every year, IWGIA publishes an update about mayor developments and events related to indigenous peoples in Bangladesh. You can find the latest updates in the column to your right.