Indigenous peoples in Palestine
Following Israel’s declaration of independence in 1948, clans from the Jahalin Bedouin together with clans from four other tribes from the Negev Desert (al-Kaabneh, al-Azazmeh, al-Ramadin, and al-Rshaida) took refuge in the West Bank, then under Jordanian rule.
These refugee tribes, who number approximately 17,000 people, are semi-nomadic agro-pastoralists living in the rural areas around Hebron, Bethlehem, Jerusalem, Jericho and the Jordan Valley, today part of the so-called “Area C” of the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT).
“Area C”, the administration of which was provisionally - and temporarily - granted to Israel in 1995 by the Oslo Accords, represents 60% of the West Bank. It is home to all West Bank Israeli settlements, industrial estates, military bases, firing ranges, closed military zones, nature reserves or settler-only by-pass roads, all under Israeli military control, and all of which surround and control Palestinian areas.