Indigenous peoples in Hawaii
Ka Pae Aina o Hawaii (the Hawaiian Archipelago) is made up of 137 islands, reefs and shoals, stretching 1,523 miles south-east to north-west andconsisting of a total land area of approximately 6,425 square miles. Kanaka Maoli, the indigenous people of Ka Pae Aina o Hawaii, represent approximately20% of the total population of 1.2 million.
In 1893, the Government of Hawaii, led by Queen Liliuokalani, was illegally overthrown and a Provisional Government formed without the consent ofKanaka Maoli and in violation of treaties and international law. Since 1959, Hawaii has been a state of the US.
Kanaka Maoli continue to struggle and suffer from the wrongs that were done in the past and continue today. In 2010, the US finally endorsed the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). The UNDRIP guides the actions and aspirations of the indigenous peoples of Hawaii, together with local declarations such as the Palapala Paoakalani.