• Indigenous peoples in Canada

    Indigenous peoples in Canada

    The indigenous peoples of Canada are collectively referred to as “aboriginal peoples”. Canada recognizes three groups of aboriginal peoples: Indians, Inuit and Métis. Canada’s aboriginal peoples are challenged by the slow implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, child welfare, and violence against indigenous women and girls.
  • Peoples

    1,400,685 persons in Canada have an aboriginal identity, according to the 2011 census
  • Rights

    In 2010, the Canadian government announced its endorsement of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which was adopted by the UN General Assembly in September 2007.
  • Current state

    Canada’s aboriginal peoples are challenged by the slow implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, child welfare, and violence against indigenous women and girls.
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  • Canada: The special rapporteur urges nations to honour treaties with indigenous peoples

Canada: The special rapporteur urges nations to honour treaties with indigenous peoples

James Anaya, the special rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples is calling on countries across the world to honour treaties with indigenous peoples and stressing the importance of this as an important part of addressing historical wrongs and moving toward reconciliation. The remarks from the special rapporteur has been made as treaty talks between the Harper government and First Nations leaders in Canada appear to be making little headway.

High-level talks on treaty implementation were a major commitment of a meeting in January between Prime Minister Stephen Harper and First Nations leaders at the height of the indigenous Idle No More protests. Aboriginal leaders have long called for nation-to-nation talks to implement and enforce treaties signed between the Crown and First Nations. But while talks on comprehensive claims (modern-day treaties) have progressed well since then, the treaty implementation talks have lagged. At Assembly of First Nations National Chief Shawn Atleo’s only meeting with Harper since January – it came almost six months later, in June – he hand-delivered a letter from Saskatchewan Regional Chief Perry Bellegarde, the AFN’s point man on treaties, asking for clarity on the authority and mandate of a joint senior oversight committee on treaty implementation. James Anaya will make an official visit to Canada from Oct. 12 to 20, permission for which he had been requesting since February 2012. UN rapporteurs must have the consent of member countries to make official visits.

Tags: Global governance

About IWGIA

IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - is a global human rights organisation dedicated to promoting, protecting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights. Read more.

Indigenous World

IWGIA's global report, the Indigenous World, provides an update of the current situation for indigenous peoples worldwide. The Indigenous World 2019.

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