• Indigenous peoples in Kenya

    Indigenous peoples in Kenya

    The indigenous peoples in Kenya include hunter-gatherers such as the Ogiek, Sengwer, Yaaku Waata and Sanya, while pastoralists include the Endorois, Turkana, Maasai, Samburu and others.
  • Peoples

    79,000 people in Kenya are hunter-gatherers.
    25 per cent of Kenya's population belong to pastoralist groups.
  • Land rights

    26 May 2017, the African Court of Human and Peoples Rights judged in favor of the Ogiek community of Kenya. The judgement was a historic victory for the Ogiek, who were acknowledged as indigenous and won both compensation from the government of Kenya and the right to stay in the Mau forest.
  • Rights

    Kenya has no specific legislation on indigenous peoples and has yet to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and ratify International Labour Organization Convention 169

Kenya: ruling in the Endorois case

The Endorois community in Kenya has been forcibly removed from their ancestral land around Lake Bogoria without prior consultation and adequate and effective compensation.

The Endorois people made an appeal/communication to the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR), and the African Commission has now made a ruling emphasizing that the evictions are in violation of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights . The African Commission recommends that the ancestral land rights of the Endorois be recognized and restituted, that the Endorois community should have unrestricted access to Lake Bogoria, that compensation should be paid to the community for all the loss suffered and that the Endorois community should receive royalties from existing economic activities. This ruling is a landmark decision relating to recognition and protection of land rights of indigenous communities in Africa and the full text of the ruling can be found here. The ruling was marked by a big celebration in the Endorois community on the 20th of March where the Minister of Land participated and emphasized that the government of Kenya is committed to respect and implement the ruling.

Tags: Land rights



IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - is a global human rights organisation dedicated to promoting, protecting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights. Read more.

Indigenous World

IWGIA's global report, the Indigenous World, provides an update of the current situation for indigenous peoples worldwide. Read The Indigenous World.

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