• Indigenous peoples in Nepal

    Indigenous peoples in Nepal

    The Nepalese population is comprised by 125 caste and ethnic groups. Nepal has adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. However, the constitution denies the collective rights and aspirations for identity-based federalism of indigenous peoples, and Nepal’s indigenous peoples are thus still facing a number of challenges.
  • Peoples

    36 per cent of Nepal’s total population of 26.5 million are of indigenous nationalities, according to the latest census. Indigenous peoples’ organizations claim a figure of more than 50 per cent
  • Diversity

    125 caste and ethnic groups together constitute the Nepalese population
  • Rights

    2007: Nepal adopts the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
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  • Nepal: Tharu Indigenous Peoples Clash at Protest Leaving Many Dead or Injured

Nepal: Tharu Indigenous Peoples Clash at Protest Leaving Many Dead or Injured

Similarly, over 50 protestors and same number of security personnel have been injured and are receiving treatment at the Tikapur hospital, Nepalgunj hospital, and various hospitals in Kathmandu. The army helicopter airlifted injured security personnel to Kathmandu.

Kailali along with Kanchapur is regarded to be the homeland of Tharu, standing some 40 percent population belonging to this indigenous people.

According to the officials, SSP Laxman Neupane, a senior police officer was killed by protestors. There are also the media reports that some of the security personnel were burnt alive.

But according to Chief District Officer (CDO) at Kailali District, Raj Kumar Shrestha, as many as six police personnel and one child were killed.

Constituent Assembly (CA) member Ram Janam Chaudhary, (who represents Tikapur, constituency where Mondays deadly clashes occurred) however said some 5 protesters had been shot and 24 others had gunshot wounds in their legs. The majority of them are in the critical condition.

Following Monday's incident, the government after a meeting of Security Council decided to deploy the army in several districts under the discretion of the respective district CDO. The government decision also empowered army personnel to enter anywhere including a private house, room, or shop if suspect and take any stringent action to maintain peace and security situation.

Issuing a press release, many indigenous peoples' organizations strongly condemned the government decision to deploy the army personnel in the name of maintaining peace and security. The press release issued by Lawyers Association for Human Rights of Nepalese Indigenous Peoples (LAHURNIP) reads, the Army mobilization to suppress the democratic movement is likely to increase the human loss and human rights violation of Tharu indigenous peoples, thus urges government and concerned institutions to revoke the decision and look for peaceful alternatives to solve the situation.

Events surrounding the incident

Tharuhat Struggle Committee (TSC) had been agitating in various districts against the deal made by the three-major political parties a few weeks back to federate the country into 7- province.

The deal placed Kailali and Kanchanpur placed in another district. Tharus had long been demanding to provision Tharuhat province based on the identity of Tharu.

Stating government ignorance to address their long demands to declare Tharuhat autonomous region, Tharus indigenous peoples living across 10-different districts including on Monday had declared the areas to be Autonomous Tharuhat Province and they had even erased Nepal government from sign boards of public office and wrote Autonomous Tharuhat Province.

The eyewitness local journalists said the protestors who were marching peacefully to various government offices for writing their slogan were stopped by the security personnel and then triggered open fired along with tear gas to make their way through. The incident provoked protestors to attack police and their anger led to slay police personnel.

The coordinator of Tharuhat Struggle Committee and Chairperson of Tharu Kalyankarini Sabha, the representative organization of Tharu indigenous peoples, Dhani Ram Chaudhary, said, the incident was occured due to suppression on the peaceful and right-based movement by security personnel.

He further added that the day will be regarded as the black day in the history of indigenous peoples movement in Nepal.

He further said that no matter what happens, Tharu indigenous peoples shall continue their struggle until their demands and rights are addressed properly in the new constitution.

Besides in Kailali, several other districts violent protests and clashes have continued over the six and lately seven province federalism deal. Following the stringent protests, the government have been imposing curfew and ordered security personnel to open fire on the agitating groups for last few days.




IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - is a global human rights organisation dedicated to promoting, protecting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights. Read more.

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