IWGIA has worked for many years with the Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC). As part of its work in the Arctic Council, IWGIA has been active in the process of producing an Arctic Human Development Report. IWGIA has also been involved in promoting


Below you can find more information about indigenous peoples and Greenland from the following sources:

Links to websites

Good sources of general information on Greenland are:

The Home Rule website: www.nanoq.gl and Greenland Statistics: ...

International conventions that are signed and ratified by Denmark are also valid in Greenland – unless specifically stated otherwise. Greenland is thus covered by all the important conventions concerning human rights, including the two Covenants


This section takes up issues that are of importance to the indigenous peoples in Greenland:

Social issues
Justice administration
Economic solidarity
Language and education
The sealing controversy


For the time being,


Parliamentarian democracy

Greenland is a self-governing unit within the Danish realm and the Danish constitution also applies to Greenland. Laws adopted by the Danish parliament also apply to Greenland unless Greenland is specifically exempted. The


The official statistics do not distinguish along ethnic lines. People are either 'born in Greenland' or born 'outside Greenland'. However, in relation to numbers these figures are more or less assumed to be the same as the numbers of indigenous


Greenland has been occupied for thousands of years. Pre-historic people migrated to Greenland from what is today northern Canada. The last waves of migrants into Greenland were the Thule Eskimos (Inuit) who migrated along the whole Arctic coast from

Capital Nuuk (15,000 inhabitants)
Area 2,166,086 sq km (410,449 sq km ice-free, 1,755,637 sq km ice-covered) (2000 est.)
Population  11,237,196 inhabitants (XI Population Census, 2002)
Indigenous Population 58,000, of which 52,000 are indigenous Greenlanders

In 1992, when the idea of having a San advocacy organisation was being formulated, John Hardbattle approached IWGIA for support.

IWGIA provided a small seed grant to FPK in 1993 and the first major IWGIA project grant was given shortly thereafter


Below you can find more information about indigenous peoples and Botswana from other sources.

The Republic of Botswana is a member of the United Nations Organisation (UN), the British Commonwealth, the African Union (AU), and the Southern African Development Community (SADC).

Below are listed a number of relevant international and regional


This section takes up issues that are of importance to the indigenous peoples in Botswana.

In Botswana, the concept of "indigenous peoples" is not acknowledged and the political rhetoric has been to ignore the de facto cultural diversity. The strategy has been to over-communicate an image of a non-racial, non-ethnic homogenous state.

There are approximately 55,000 San in Botswana, found primarily in seven districts (Chobe, North West, Central, Ghanzi, Kgalagadi, Kweneng, and Kgatleng). There are also San living in the major cities, including Gaborone, Molepolole and


The republic of Botswana – a brief history

Formerly a poor and peripheral British protectorate known as Bechuanaland, Botswana gained its independence in 1966 under the name Republic of Botswana and with Sir Seretse Khama as its first president.

Capital Gaborone
Area 582,000 sq km
Population 1.7 million
The citizens of Botswana are called Batswana (Motswana in singular)
Indigenous population Approx. 55,000 San and approx. 4,000 Nama
Legal recognition of indigenous peoples None. The San

The Botswana government does not recognize any specific ethnic groups as indigenous to the country, maintaining instead that all citizens of the country are indigenous.

3.3% of the population in Botswana considers itself to be indigenous. There are no


The links below are grouped by the following subjects:

Biodiversity & Conservation, Blogs, Education, Indigenous Knowledge, Libraries & Directories, Media - Journals, Social Science & Law

Updated May 2008


Convention on

Arctic North America Latin America Africa Middle East Asia Oceania/Pacific

Indigenous peoples constitute a least 370 million individuals representing more than 5000 distinct peoples around the world. Their problems are in many ways similar, in others, dependent on the nation state within which they live.


On Tuesday March 1, Malaysia's highest court allowed indigenous people from Borneo the right to challenge the acquisition of their ancestral land, in what campaigners hailed as a historic test case. Their legal battle for native title began 12


An estimated 20,000 people are at risk of losing their land, along with a possible loss of USD $3,000,000 in annual revenue from livestock, according to a report published today by Tanzania Natural Resource Forum (TNRF).

23 houses burnt to ashes, 2 injured. On 17 February 2011 around 5.30 pm, following the death of a Bengali settler, the Bengali settlers numbering 200-250 from Gulshakhali settler area of Gulshakhali union under Longadu upazila in Rangamati district in


Luis Alfonso de Alba, Mexico’s Special Representative on Climate Change, today emphasised that the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples is of fundamental importance to the climate change process.

The Mexican Minister of Foreign Affairs’ statement was made yesterday during discussions between the COP 16 President and civil society organisations. She stated Mexico’s commitment to expressly mention the UN Declaration on the Rights of



IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - is a global human rights organisation dedicated to promoting, protecting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights. Read more.

Indigenous World

IWGIA's global report, the Indigenous World, provides an update of the current situation for indigenous peoples worldwide. The Indigenous World 2019.

Contact IWGIA

Prinsessegade 29 B, 3rd floor
DK 1422 Copenhagen
Phone: (+45) 53 73 28 30
E-mail: iwgia@iwgia.org
CVR: 81294410

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