It would seem particularly complicated to conduct a census in Gabon and the figures vary according to the source. The latest figures, from the 2010 census, suggest a total of 1,480,000 inhabitants.

The population comprises around 50 different


The groups meeting the criteria for identification of indigenous peoples in Ethiopia include the pastoralists and hunter/gatherer communities including the forest dwelling Majang (Majengir), who live in the Gambela region.

The Pastoralists

Pastoralism in


The concept of "indigenous peoples" is accepted and endorsed by the government and civil society organisations in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The term "indigenous peoples" in the DRC refers to the four main groups:

There are two groups of indigenous peoples in the Central African Republic namely the Mbororo and the Aka.

The Mbororo 

The Mbororo are essentially nomadic pastoralists in constant search of pastureland. They can be found in the prefectures of:

  • Ouaka-

The Amazigh, the Mozabite and the Tuarega are the indigenous peoples of Algeria, as well as of other countries of North Africa and the Sahara. The Amazigh are also known by the name “Berber”, which derives from the Roman term for “barbarian”, a


The African Commission’s Working Group on Indigenous Populations/Communities organized a regional sensitization seminar on the rights of indigenous populations/communities in East and Central Africa held in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo, 22-25


The 18th session of the Human Rights Council will take place in Geneva (Switzerland) at United Nations Headquarters from 12 to 30 September 2011. On Tuesday 20 in the afternoon session, there will be a presentation of the reports of the Special


In Kenya, the peoples who identify with the indigenous movement are mainly pastoralists and hunter-gatherers, as well as some fisher peoples and small farming communities

Pastoralists are estimated to comprise 25% of the national population of 38.6


Tanzania is estimated to have a total of 125-130 ethnic groups, falling mainly into the four categories of Bantu, Cushite, Nilo-Hamite and San.

Pastoralists and hunter-gatherers

While there may be more ethnic groups that identify themselves as


Like in the previous census, the new census that was completed mere a week ago has drawn the similar flaws. The Central Bureau of Statistic (CBS) had conducted the 11th census in two phases — the first phase beginning from May 15 to June 1, while the


IWGIA calls to defer World Heritage nominations of sites in Indigenous peoples’ territories if it cannot be ensured that the Indigenous peoples have been adequately consulted and involved and that their free, prior and informed consent has been


IWGIA is actively involved in the most important processes of the United Nations where indigenous issues are discussed.

Press on the links to your left to learn more about these processes and mechanisms and read IWGIA's yearly update about their



At a Headquarters press conference on the 24th of May, human rights activists urged the United Nations to play a greater role in pushing for implementation of the 1997 Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Accord in Bangladesh, which was intended to protect the


Amnesty International and IWGIA yesterday made a joint statement to the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues regarding the situation for the indigenous peoples in the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

Indigenous women often face double discrimination: they are discriminated as indigenous and as women. Discrimination as women they experience not only from the surrounding society but often also from within their own communities. Integration into national


Burkina Faso has a population of 14,017,262 (4th General Census of Population and Housing, December 2006) comprising some 60 different ethnic groups.

The Human Rights Commission of Malaysia SUHAKAM hereby announces that it will be conducting a National Inquiry into the Land Rights of Indigenous Peoples in Malaysia.

Farmers in parts of Bangladesh's southeastern Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) face a seed crisis that is undermining the food security of thousands, the World Food Programme (WFP) says. Lack of available seeds and explosive increase in seed prices are


A British company is trying to sell a bill of goods to one of the world's poorest countries, Bangladesh. Global Coal Management Resources (GCM) wants to bulldoze 12,000 acres of Bangladesh's most productive agricultural land and replace it with one


For centuries, the Ogiek have made their homes deep in the Mau and Mount Elgon forests of western Kenya. “The Ogiek look at forests in a different way. To them, there’s no better home. Forests have always provided the Ogiek with livelihoods, like


Target 9. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources

Target 10. Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and


In 2006 and 2007 IWGIA is drawing particular attention to the oil and gas extraction on Sakhalin Island in the far Eastern Russia. This year, IWGIA is fundraising to support local indigenous organizations' campaign to get a fair compensation for the use


Thematic Focus puts focus on different issues of importance to indigenous peoples.

Rather than simply stating that indigenous peoples are poor, it seems more appropriate to talk about impoverishment processes. Indigenous peoples and activists have remarked that indigenous peoples do not consider themselves to be poor, many in



IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - is a global human rights organisation dedicated to promoting, protecting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights. Read more.

Indigenous World

IWGIA's global report, the Indigenous World, provides an update of the current situation for indigenous peoples worldwide. The Indigenous World 2019.

Contact IWGIA

Prinsessegade 29 B, 3rd floor
DK 1422 Copenhagen
Phone: (+45) 53 73 28 30
CVR: 81294410

NOTE! This site uses cookies and similar technologies.

If you do not change browser settings, you agree to it. Learn more

I understand