Kiribati comprises 33 islands, with one raised island (Banaba), covering almost 4,000 km of the Pacific Ocean straddling the equator. The area is equivalent in size to that of the continental United States of America. The majority of the atolls are

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In the wider Circum-Caribbean region, there are an estimated 100,000 self-identified indigenous persons. According to government censuses, this number includes: 41,000 in Guyana, out of a national population of 756,000; 26,000 in Belize, out of a

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According to U.S. Census Bureau 2005 estimates, Alaska Natives (as the indigenous peoples of Alaska are usually referred to) make up 16 percent of the Alaskan population of 663,661. This is in contrast to the 2000 census when the Alaska Native

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Of Iraq’s 26 million plus people, approximately 75 to 80% are Arabs, 15 to 20% are Kurds and roughly 5% are Turkamans, Armenians and others. A distinct sub-group within the Arab community is known as the Marsh Dwellers, who have historically

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The colonial history of Bougainville follows the histories of Papua New Guinea (PNG) and the Solomon Islands closely. Geographically and culturally, Bougainville is part of the Solomon Islands chain. Politically, it has been part of PNG, as “North

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Sri Lanka is home to diverse indigenous cultures that have combined to influence its societal make-up for over two thousand years. Of these, the historically recognized Vyadha (“huntsmen/ archers”) or Vadda, as they are now commonly referred to,

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The indigenous peoples of Rapa Nui continue to face challenges from the government of Chile as well as globalization in the form of capital investment through rampant tourism.

The indigenous peoples of Rapa Nui continue to assert their right of

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The Mbororo Peul are indigenous to Chad and live essentially from pastoralism and subsistence agriculture. According to the 1993 census, they number around 250,000 individuals, living primarily in the dry centre and tropical south of Chad, where

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West Papua covers the western part of the island of New Guinea, comprising the Indonesian provinces of Papua and Papua Barat. 50% of its 2.7 million inhabitants are indigenous. The remaining 50% are Indonesian migrants, many of whom have been

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Tuvalu voted to separate from the Gilbert Islands in 1974. On 1 October 1978, the island nation became independent. Tuvalu became a member of the United Nations in 2000.The four reef islands and five atolls, consisting of a mere 26 sq. kilometres,

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Ka Pae Aina o Hawaii (the Hawaiian Archipelago) is made up of 137 islands, reefs and shoals, stretching 1,523 miles south-east to north-west andconsisting of a total land area of approximately 6,425 square miles. Kanaka Maoli, the indigenous people of

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Given the lack of an official census, it is estimated that the nine indigenous and Afro-descendant peoples living in Honduras number 1.27 million inhabitants, divided between the following groups: Lenca, 720,000; Garífuna, 380,000; Miskito, 87,000;

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Burma’s diversity encompasses over 100 different ethnic groups. The Burmans make up an estimated 68 percent of Burma’s 51 million people. The country is divided into seven, mainly Burman-dominated divisions and seven ethnic states.

The Burmese

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Niger’s indigenous populations are the Peul, Tuareg and Toubou. These peoples are all transhumant pastoralists. Niger’s total 2009 population was estimated at 14,693,110.

8.5% of the population are Peul, i.e. 1,248,914 individuals. They are mostly

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Among Cameroon’s more than 20 million inhabitants, some communities self-identify as indigenous. These include the hunter-gatherer "Pygmies", the Mbororo pastoralists and the Kirdi mountain communities.

The "Pygmies"

Together the "Pygmies"

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The indigenous San peoples of southern Angola are the oldest inhabitants of Angola and southern Africa and are mainly located in remote and inaccessible areas.

Many (mainly in Kuando and Kubango provinces) still live as hunter-gatherers, staying in

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Guåhan (meaning “we have”), more commonly known as Guam, is the largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago, encompassing approximately 212 square miles.

The indigenous peoples of Guam, the Chamorus came to the Marianas over 4,000

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The Tibetan people consider themselves an occupied nation rather than an indigenous people but share many characteristics with indigenous peoples.

Tibet was brought under full control by the People’s Republic of China in 1959. The popular uprising

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Approximately 4 million in population and comprising more than 45 different tribes, the Nagas are a transnational indigenous people inhabiting parts of north-east India (in the federal states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Manipur) and

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Indigenous peoples in Uganda include the traditional hunter/gatherer communities and pastoralists. These peoples are not specifically recognized as indigenous by the government

Former Hunter-gatherers include the:

  • Benet, who number around 20,000 people,
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South Africa' total population is around 50 million, of which indigenous groups are estimated to comprise approximately 1%.

The various First Nations Indigenous groups in South Africa are collectively known as Khoe-San,comprising the:

  • San
  • Khoekhoe

The

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The Republic of Congo covers an area of some 342,000 km2. It has estimated forest cover of 22,471,271 hectares (or approx. 2/3 of its total area) and a deforestation rate of 0.08%. 

According to the Second Congolese Household Survey (ECOM) from 2011 the

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The indigenous peoples of Namibia include the:

  • San
  • Nama
  • Himba
  • Zemba
  • Twa

Taken together, the indigenous peoples of Namibia represent some 8% of the total population of the country.

The San

The San (Bushmen) number between 27,000 and 34,000, and

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The Amazigh (Berber) peoples are the indigenous peoples of North Africa.

The most recent census in Morocco (2006) estimated the number of Amazigh speakers to be 28% of the population. However, the Amazigh associations strongly challenge this and

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Mali’s total population is estimated at around 17.8 million inhabitants. The Tuareg represent approx. 8% of the population. They live mainly in the northern regions of Timbuktu, Gao and Kidal, which together cover 2/3 of the country’s area of

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About IWGIA

IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - is a global human rights organisation dedicated to promoting, protecting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights. Read more.

Indigenous World

IWGIA's global report, the Indigenous World, provides an update of the current situation for indigenous peoples worldwide. Download here.

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