• Indigenous peoples in Paraguay

    Indigenous peoples in Paraguay

    There are 19 indigenous peoples in Paraguay. Although Paraguay has adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the fundamental rights of the country’s indigenous peoples are continuously violated. They are especially challenged by structural discrimination and lack of economic, social, and cultural rights.
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    19 different indigenous peoples together constitute Paraguay’s indigenous population
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    2007: Paraguay votes in favour of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
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  • Paraguay: After 30 years of exile, Xákmok Kásek reoccupy their land

Paraguay: After 30 years of exile, Xákmok Kásek reoccupy their land

Last month, the indigenous Xákmok Kásek community formed by the Sanapaná people, reoccupied their ancestral land after nearly three decades of exile.

In 2010, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR) ruled that the land belonged to them, and that the Paraguayan State violated the Xákmok Kásek peoples’ right to communal property. The court also ruled that the State has violated the rights of children, personal integrity and that it has not implemented mechanisms to provide the members of the community with “the identity documents required to exercise their right to recognition of juridical personality.” Lastly, it ruled that the State has not complied with its obligation to stop discrimination against indigenous peoples.

Almost five years after the ruling, the Paraguayan State has continuously failed to demonstrate a willingness to comply with the IACHR’s judgment. This is especially true when it comes to the return of ancestral territory, and the Xákmok Kásek have now taken matters into their own hands. They peacefully reoccupied their territory and continue to call for a peaceful solution.

In a special programme produced by IWGIA partner organization, Tierraviva, listeners are introduced to the history of a people that continue to fight for their right to live with dignity.

Tags: Land rights



IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - is a global human rights organisation dedicated to promoting, protecting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights. Read more.

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