Forced Evictions of Pastoralists in Kilombero and Ulanga Disticts in Mgorogoro Region in Tanzania
Publisher: IWGIA & PAICODEO
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Parakuiyo Pastoralists Indigenous Community Development Organization (PAICODEO), PINGOs Forum, Tanzania Land Alliance (TALA), the Legal and Human Rights Centre (LHRC) and journalists from ITV, Star TV, Channel 10 and Mwananchi newspaper have conducted a fact finding mission concerning the forced evictions of pastoralists in Kilombero and Ulanga districts in Morogoro region in Tanzania. The fact finding mission was carried out from 12.11 – 15.11 2012.
The evictions took place in Kilombero and Ulanga districts in Morogoro region in Tanzania from September 2012 to January 2013. During the eviction exercise the district authorities have forcefully removed many pastoralists and agro-pastoralists and their livestock in Kilombero and Ulanga districts.
It is estimated that 486,736 out of an estimated total of 500.000 numbers of livestock have been seized and removed by a team of 400 people including police, district authorities, the Prime Minister’s Office (that gave consent for eviction), the Morogoro Regional Commissioner, park rangers, Mgambo (local militias) and the Tanzania Peoples Defense Force. It is estimated that around 5000 people (pastoralists, agro-pastoralists and a few farmers) have been moved out of the districts due to the eviction exercise. The confiscated livestock belongs to the people evicted as well as to other pastoralists and agro-pastoralists who are hiding in the districts or have moved to neighbouring districts and regions such as Coast, Iringa, Ruvuma and Dodoma. The affected pastoralists are Sukuma and Taturu agro-pastoralists and Ilparakuyo Maasai and Barabaig pastoralists.