• Indigenous peoples in Tanzania

    Indigenous peoples in Tanzania

    Tanzania does not recognise the existence of indigenous peoples, even though Tanzania is home to 125-130 different ethnic groups.
  • Peoples

    125-130 ethnic groups, falling mainly into the four categories of Bantu, Cushite, Nilo-Hamite and San, live in Tanzania.
  • Current state

    2015: New government in Tanzania elected. A few months after indigenous peoples found themselves the victims of government actions.
    2016-17: Evictions of indigenous peoples in Kilosa, Mvomero and Morogoro Vijijini districts.
  • Rights

    There is no specific national policy or legislation on indigenous peoples.
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  • Tanzania: Report documents human rights violations

Tanzania: Report documents human rights violations

A survey conducted in ten districts of six regions of mainland Tanzania reveals deterioration of the situation of indigenous peoples and gross violations of their human rights. Evictions that take place with impunity are among the most serious problems found. Reports of various enquiry commissions are apparently simply shelved by the responsible authorities.

The report points out, that despite the fact that pastoralism and agro-farming employ more than 80% of all Tanzanians and make important contribution to national economic development, a negative perception of pastoralism as a primitive mode of production to be replaced by a modern one still prevails and informs legal processes, policies and national development strategies. As a consequence, dispossession of indigenous peoples’ land and natural resources is driven by the creation of protected areas foreign and local investments in agribusiness and biofuel production. There are no redress mechanisms in place and indigenous peoples receive no compensation from the violations and losses they suffer. The report recommends that the government deploy the necessary remedies to pastoralists in the same way as it delivers to mainstream society and thus ensure that indigenous peoples enjoy their human and constitutional rights on an equal footing with all other citizens of Tanzania. PAICODEO has since 2003 worked to promote the livelihoods of Maasai communities in ten districts of central and southern Tanzania. Since 2010, IWGIA has supported PAICODEO with a project to build the capacity of local paralegals, who are trained in investigating, documenting and reporting on human rights violations and in using this documentation to lobby the responsible authorities, issue urgent alerts and contact the press. The current report is an output from this project, and will be used for calling of the Parliament, government and press to the many violations, which are taking place and pressurizing for action to be taken.

Tags: Global governance



IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - is a global human rights organisation dedicated to promoting, protecting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights. Read more.

Indigenous World

IWGIA's global report, the Indigenous World, provides an update of the current situation for indigenous peoples worldwide. Read The Indigenous World.

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