Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people make up 3.3% of the nation’s population. Based on the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) projections, the number of Indigenous Australians in 2021 was estimated to be 881,600. Based on projections for 2021, 38% (337,400) of Indigenous Australians live in Major cities, and 18% (154,900) live in Remote and Very Remote areas combined.
The proportion of the total population who were Indigenous increased with remoteness, from 1.8% in Major cities, to 32% in Remote and Very Remote areas.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples make up 3.3% of the nation’s population. Geographically, 62% of the Indigenous population live outside of Australia’s major cities, including 12% in areas classified as very remote. The median age for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is 23 compared to 38 for the non-indigenous population. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are vastly overrepresented in the Australian criminal justice system, with 2,481 prisoners per 100,000 Indigenous people—15 times greater than for the non-indigenous population.
In a landmark decision on 13 March 2019, the Australian High Court ordered the Government of the Northern Territory to pay $2.53 million AUD (1.78 million USD) in compensation to the Ngaliwurru and Nungali peoples for the loss of Native Title in the town of Timber Creek.