• Indigenous peoples in Myanmar

    Indigenous peoples in Myanmar

    Myanmar’s population encompasses over 100 different ethnic groups. Myanmar has adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, but the country’s indigenous peoples are still facing a number of challenges, among others in relation to armed conflict, human rights violations and land rights.
  • Peoples

    100 different ethnic groups constitute the population of Myanmar
    68 per cent of Myanmar’s 51.5 million people are Burmans
  • Current state

    2016: Consequences of armed conflict increased steadily, particularly in the Rakhine State and for the Rohingya ethnic minority
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  • Strong Roots: Understanding the Importance of Myanmar’s Indigenous Women as Leaders in Developing Climate Change Solutions

Strong Roots: Understanding the Importance of Myanmar’s Indigenous Women as Leaders in Developing Climate Change Solutions

Publisher: IWGIA
Author: Catriona Knapman
Number of pages: 60
ISBN number: 978-87-93961-01-2
Publication language: English
Country publication is about: Myanmar
Region publication is about: Asia
Release year: 2020
Release month / day: August
Download URL: https://iwgia.org/doclink/iwgia-report-strong-roots-eng-2020/eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJzdWIiOiJpd2dpYS1yZXBvcnQtc3Ryb25nLXJvb3RzLWVuZy0yMDIwIiwiaWF0IjoxNjI5MTE1MTcxLCJleHAiOjE2MjkyMDE1NzF9.ENYzEKsBrFjadPu_xr9SQWDmujjaubGBzPpWO8xHE_Y

This book contains a series of essays predominantly written by Indigenous women from Myanmar. The essays show Indigenous women to be at the crux of climate change in Myanmar.

On one hand, their daily activities in forests mean they hold the knowledge of how to grow seeds and plants, as well as care for native species and protect biodiversity. These roles create an important relationship between Indigenous women and the forests which surround their homes.

On the other hand, Indigenous women are amongst the economically poorest populations in the world and rely on renewable natural resources. As such, they are at high risk of being impacted by climate changes and are vulnerable to (or already affected by) climatic shifts, with consequences for their health, food, housing, work life and personal security. As rural women tend to have less financial, physical and human resources than men, they have fewer options to respond to these changes.

As the essays in this book show, Myanmar’s Indigenous women’s unique knowledge means they should be at the forefront of discussions about climate change – however they are currently not playing a central role. Myanmar’s unique political history also means this knowledge is not widely available and has been little researched. It is also knowledge, which due to changes in culture and external pressures, is no longer being passed down between generations. In short, it is knowledge that is being lost.

This report is also available in Burmese

Tags: Climate



IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - is a global human rights organisation dedicated to promoting, protecting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights. Read more.

Indigenous World

IWGIA's global report, the Indigenous World, provides an update of the current situation for indigenous peoples worldwide. Read The Indigenous World.

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