BY SHAPIOM NONINGO & FREDERICA BARCLAY FOR DEBATES INDÍGENAS
Despite progress at the international level, the environmentalism movement and the Peruvian state have not yet fully recognized the role played by Indigenous Peoples in the protection of Amazonian biodiversity. For the communities, man and nature form a whole and, as such, they take advantage of the benefits of the forests, while at the same time imposing limits on their extraction. The Autonomous Territorial Government of the Wampís Nation seeks to implement a comprehensive system of territorial control based on traditional teachings, constant monitoring, Indigenous justice and "sustainable bio-businesses".
The Peruvian State recognizes 47 Indigenous languages spoken by 55 different peoples. According to the 2017 National Population Census, almost six million people (5,972,603) self-identify as belonging to an Indigenous or native people, representing just over a quarter of the total population. Of these, 5,176,809 identify as Quechua and 548,292 as Aymara. The Amazonian population in the census who self-identify as Asháninka, Awajún, Shipibo, or other Amazonian peoples total 197,667. In addition, some 50,000 identify as belonging to other Indigenous or native peoples. Census under-registration in the Amazon region is, nevertheless, a known and ongoing problem.
BY KATHIA CARRILLO FOR DEBATES INDÍGENAS
Since Dina Boluarte took office, violence against the community has not stopped. Repression and deaths are greater in the Southern region of Peru, where there is a majority of Quechua and Aymara individuals. Autonomous governments and Indigenous organizations were the first ones to speak out against racism by the State. While the government is trying to delegitimize these protests by accusing the demonstrators of committing terrorism, the collective organization is gaining power and representativeness without an actual leader.